The tomb of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir (1569-1627 A.D) stands conspicuously amidst a luxuriant garden on the right bank of the river Ravi at Shahdara on the north-western outskirts of Lahore. Jahangir died at Rajauri on his way to Kashmir and was buried according to his will in the beautiful garden called ‘Dilkusha’ of his celebrated queen image022Noor Jahan. The garden and the tomb are enclosed by a high brick wall with an imposing gateway on the western side which links the Akbari Sarai. The entire garden is divided into sixteen squares by brick paved walkways with water channels in the middle and square or ornamental water tanks at each intersection.

            The tomb is a single storied square structure in plan, measuring 267 feet on each side and standing on a high platform. An arcaded verandah runs in front of the series of rooms and four vaulted hays lead to the central burial chamber, of which the western one pic19

provides access to the marble tomb stone of the emperor marking the grave underneath. The sarcophagus and the platform are richly inlaid with semi-precious stones depicting floral pattern and ninety nine attributes of Allah. The entrance bay is profusely ornamented with fresco paintings on the ceiling and side walls in which the mosaic work at lower dado level enhances the beauty of the passage. Designs made of cut pieces of various stones such as sang-e-bad-al ‘sang-e-abri’, black and white marble on the floor add to the aesthetic color scheme of the lavish ornamentation. Four octagonal minarets on each corner of the square with cupolas. The three stages in the middle of the minarets are decorated with horizontally laid zigzag designs created by inlay of white, yellow and black marble. Each stage is defined by railing. Supported with marble brackets. The decorative designs of the tomb combine to create on overall effect of strength and gracefulness.image023

The original features of the roof have changes because of plundering of stones in the later period. It may have contained a pavilion of white marble but at present, a square platform with patch work different stones exists in the central part. The Sikhs reportedly removed the marble from the roof of the tomb for use in the Golden Temple at Amristar. This image024monument was also used at the residence of a French officer in the Sikh army. It was also given to Sultan Muhammad Khan, the brother of Dost Muhammad Khan of Afghanistan who also did considerable damage to it.

Asif Khan's Tomb

Asif Khan’s Tomb

 

 

 

The entrance gate of the tomb is double storeyed, the exterior of which is decorated with inlaid geometric and floral design made in red sandstone panels. The half dome of the arch of the passage-way shows honeycombed pendentives flanked by panels representing pinnacles and bunches of flowers.

Noor Jahan's Tomb

Noor Jahan’s Tomb